The Good News About Grafting
Many patients do not have enough of the hard and soft tissue structures they need to place dental implants or support removable dentures. The good news is that because of advances in research and technology, grafting of hard and soft tissue can be done in the office predictably and cost effectively, with minimal side effects.
There are three basic choices available when it comes to bone and tissue grafts. Dr. Stastny will be happy to discuss each of these with you to decide which choice is right for your needs.
- Autologous – This is also called an “autograft.” This simply means using your own bone or tissue to be taken from one place and put into another. The advantages to this type of graft are that it is your living bone being placed into the recipient site, there is absolutely no chance of any disease transmission from a donor, and your body should like it the best. The disadvantages are that this will require an additional surgery site to obtain the graft.
- Alloplastic – This is also called an “allograft.” An allograft is tissue that comes from another person. These grafts come from people who donate their bone or tissue to science. The companies that obtain these grafts are regulated by the FDA, the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB), and the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments. When obtaining these grafts, the donors are first screened to make sure they do not have any infectious diseases; the tissues are tested to make sure they do not have any diseases; and finally the graft tissues are put through a sterilization process. The advantages to allografts are that you do not need an additional surgical site to obtain them, and they are plentiful. The disadvantages are that some people may object to having another persons’ tissue placed in them. Ultimately, since these grafts are not living tissue your body will resorb them and replace them with new bone or soft tissue over time, removing any evidence of the original graft.
- Synthetic – These are also called graft substitutes. These come in a variety of forms. Some are made from calcium minerals, some from coral, some from collagen, and the newest are made from recombinant DNA and RNA technology. The advantages to these grafts are that they do not have the disadvantages of the autografts or allografts, and the recombinant DNA and RNA technology have made it possible to grow bone and gum tissue in places where we previously could not. The disadvantages are that these new technologies can be expensive.
The good news here is that whichever graft choice Dr. Stastny and you decide on, all three techniques have similar success rates.
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Dennis K & Beverly R.
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Thank you for the dental work you did for me. You are a caring and kind surgeon. Your staff are also great.
You did such a wonderful job I only had to take 2 Tylenols for pain and only a minimal amount of swelling occurred. You were swell... I never had a dentist call and check on how I was doing. I appreciated that.
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I want to thank you and your staff so very much for the excellent care. The entire office has been truly kind from start to finish. I was extremely nervous the day of my procedure, but everyone made me feel comfortable and at ease. I cannot tell you the amount of appreciation I felt when you personally took the time to call and check on me that evening. Thank you ALL again!
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Thank you so much for the wonderful job you did with Jacob. He recovered quickly and easily. In fact, he was cutting the grass and eating French toast and bacon the next day! If only raising teenagers was as easy as taking their teeth out!
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Thank you so much for everything you have done for me. I was so nervous to have all my teeth pulled and wear dentures. You and your staff made me feel so comfortable. You really care a lot about your patients. Now I smile all the time and I'm no longer ashamed of how I look.
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I was so nervous about my appointment but as soon as I walked into the office the warm welcome put me at ease. Then Heidi continued the calming for me. Dr. Stastny you were very easy going and assured me that all would be OK. I felt so much better. The day of my procedure I met Tawnya. She was so reassuring that I knew I was in good hands. Thank you all for your kindness and compassionate care!
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